A Pronoun is a word used in place of a noun.
Usually pronouns refer to something that was already mentioned in previous sentence or understood by the listener or reader.
They are very useful words because when you use them, you do not need to repeat nouns all the time.
Alexander is my neighbor. Alexander says that Alexander likes to sleep.
Alexander is my neighbor. He says that he likes to sleep.
When a pronoun replaces a word (or a group of words), the word being replaced is called an antecedent.
I wrote a letter to the president, who responded quickly.
In that sentence, president is antecedent of the pronoun who.
English Pronouns List
Alphabetical list of English pronouns with definitions and translations.
Pronouns spelling quiz Check-Practice your spelling of English pronouns.
Quiz lets you choose only those pronouns that you have trouble with.
Quiz on Pronoun Usage. Personal, possessive, reflexive/intensive pronouns, and possessive adjectives.
The Types of Pronouns
Identify the type of a pronoun in each sentence. Personal, Demonstrative, Relative, Reflexive, Indefinite, etc.
Pronoun or Adjective
Identify the function of the word in the sentence. Demonstrative, Interrogative, and Indefinite pronouns acting as adjectives.
Identify each pronoun in a sentence by clicking on it. Random sentences are given each time.
Pronoun: Who whom Whose
Learn how to use subjective,
objective, and possessive forms of the pronoun Who
In order to use personal pronouns, it is important to know about case (subject, object, and possessive),
number (singular and plural), person (first, second, and third), and gender (male, female and neutral).
Object Pronouns: me, you, him, her, them, us, it are used as an indirect object,
direct object, or object of a preposition.
She baked him a pie. I can hardly see it. They are going with us.
Possessive Pronouns: mine, yours, his, hers, theirs, ours, its take the place of possessive nouns.
If this isn’t ours, it must be theirs. Yours is much better then mine.
Tables below show the breakdown of the English personal pronouns along the four
dimensions of case, person, number, and gender.
Person and personal pronouns :)
Personal pronouns are called personal because they indicate a person speaking, spoken to, or spoken about. Personal pronoun refers to a specific individual(singular) or a group(plural).
I saw you when she talked to them.
The pronoun I refers to the person speaking.
The pronoun you refers to the person spoken to.
The pronoun she and them refer to persons spoken about.
Demonstrative Pronouns point out a specific persons, animals, places, things or ideas.
List of Demonstrative pronouns: this, that, these, those
That is his book. This is an excellent question.
I want to exchange this for that and these for those.
Intensive pronouns (also called emphatic) end with self or selves and emphasize (intensify) a noun or another pronoun.
They make you notice the nouns and pronouns they go with.
Instructor himself ordered this product.
In that sentence, the pronoun is himself and it goes with the noun Instructor.
We did all the work ourselves.
In that sentence, the pronoun is ourselves and it goes with the pronoun We.
List of Intensive pronouns: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, oneself, ourselves, themselves, yourselves.
Reflexive pronouns are the same as intensive pronouns (see above) but they don’t intensify;
they point back to the subject of the sentence.
He wanted to kick himself for even making that stupid comment.
I bought myself a new shirt.
Reflexive and intensive pronouns turn the action of the verb back to the subject of the sentence.
Never use a reflexive/intensive pronoun in place of a personal pronoun.
They are correctly used only in reflexive or intensive roles.
The following sentences are incorrect.
Mary and myself went to the movie.
My father drove Mary and myself to the movie.
The following sentences are correct.
Mary and I went to the movie.
My father drove Mary and me to the movie.
Indefinite pronouns do not refer to any particular persons or places or things.
They replace nouns without specifying which noun they replace.
List of Indefinite pronouns
Singular: another, anybody, anyone, anything, each, either, everybody, everyone, everything, little, much, neither,
nobody, no one, nothing, one, other, somebody, someone, something
Plural: both, few, many, others, several
Singular or plural: all, any, more, most, none, some
Hint: Indefinite pronouns that end in -one or -body are always singular. //except none//
These words include: anyone, everyone, someone, one, anybody, somebody, nobody.
Examples: Pronouns that are always singular
Everybody can do something, but nobody can do everything.
Either looks like a good option.
Examples: Pronouns that are always plural
Few were late for the meeting.
Many bought tickets to the show.
For indefinite pronouns that can be singular or plural, it depends on what the indefinite pronoun refers to.
There is a lot of furniture in the room; some is damaged.
some refers to furniture, which is singular.
There are many books there; some are very interesting.
some refers to books, which is plural.
Reciprocal Pronouns show a mutual relationship. They are each other and one another.
Each other is used when the group consists of just two people, animals or things.
One another is used when the groups consists of more than two people, animals ot things.
Relative Pronoun begins a subordinate clause and connects that clause to another noun that precedes it in the sentence.
Relative pronouns list: who, whom, whose, whoever, whomever, which, whichever, that, what, whatever.
It is a book that is difficult to ignore.
The dog, which is a terrier, is four years old.
I will consider renting or buying, whichever works out best.
All relative pronouns do not change the form with gender, person, or number.
Only who changes form with case.
Interrogative pronouns are used to begin or introduce interrogative sentences.
They are who, whom, whose, what, and which.
They are similar to the Relative Pronouns; the difference is their use in the sentence.
Whom did you invite to the party?
Which did you prefer?
Who did what to whom?
Possessive adjectives (also called determiners or determinative possessive pronouns)
always modify/describe a noun.
They must be used together with nouns they are describing, and come in front of them.
There are seven of them in modern English: my, your, his, her, its, our, their.
His book is excellent.
Their house is new.
Highlighted words inform us to whom something belongs and their function is similar to those of adjectives.
Some words that function as pronouns may function as adjectives
because they tell something
about the noun they modify rather than stand in for it.