Types of Adverbs. Comparison of Adverbs. Adverbs Position. Adverb Formation. Examples, Quizzes. Lists
What is an Adverb?
An adverb is a part of speech that describes or modifies a verb, an adjective, another adverb, clause, or sentence.
Adverbs answer the questions "How?", "When?", "Where?", "Why?", "In what way?", "How much?", "How often?", "Under what condition", "To what degree?"
An adverb can be placed anywhere in a sentence.
The three most common adverbs used in English Language are: not, very, too
Alphabetical listing of 3732 Adverbs
Read the material on this page first. If you feel ready - take the quizzes!
Adverbs Practice List of random sentences is given. You need to identify each adverb by clicking on it.
Types of Adverbs
Adverbs can be classified by their functions
Adverbs of Manner - answer the question: How?
Examples: cheerfully, fast, quicly, slowly, inadequately, healthy
- I watch them closely.
- I play well.
- I walk carefully.
Adverbs of Time - answer the question: When?
Examples: early, never, now, often, soon, then, today, tomorrow
- He has not played chess recently.
- I arrive late for most appointments.
- Lately, I have had many sleepless nights.
Adverbs of Place (location, direction) - answer the question: Where?
Examples: above, away, below, down, here, inside, there, up
- I walked downstairs.
- Have you ever gone there?
- I will meet you outside.
Adverbs of Degree - answer the question: How much?
Examples: almost, entirely, little, much, rather, very, too
- He is totally prepared for his birthday.
- I am too tired to play tennis tonight.
- He is completely tired from the journey.
Adverbs of Frequency - answer the question: How often?
Examples: always, never, usually, frequently, sometimes, occasionally
- He rarely goes by himself.
- She constantly finishes her job first.
Interrogative Adverbs - used at the beginning of a question.
Examples: why, where, how, when
- Why are you so angry?
- When does the movie start?
Conjunctive (connecting) Adverbs - connect the ideas expressed in different clauses or sentences.
Most common conjunctive adverbs: accordingly, also, anyhow, furthermore, however, moreover, otherwise, still, thereforeUse of conjunctive adverb between two independent clauses requires a semicolon before the adverb and comma after it.
- I want to sleep; however, I need to study.
- The day was over. Therefore, I went to sleep.
- The day is over. I will, therefore, go to sleep.
Adverbs as Modifiers (adverbs in adverbial functions)
An adverb modifies a verb
He walked quickly.
- quickly modifies verb: walked
I accepted new task willingly.
- willingly modifies verb: accepted
Mike snored melodically.
- melodically modifies verb: snored
An adverb modifies an adjective
They were really unhappy.
- really modifies adjective: unhappy
My brother is completely fearless.
- completely modifies adjective: fearless
I know she is very careful.
- very modifies adjective: careful
An adverb modifies an adverb
He is almost always hungry.
- almost modifies adverb: always
John plays tennis very well.
- very modifies adverb: well
You never can work too carefully.
- too modifies adverb: carefully
An adverb modifies a clause
Perhaps you are correct, but not at first glance.
- Perhaps modifies clause: you are correct
Surely he will be on time, but I hope not.
- Surely modifies clause: he will be on time
An adverb modifies a sentence
Fortunately, she went home.
- Fortunately modifies a whole sentence
Finally, he will be on time.
- Finally modifies a whole sentence
Meanwhile, we can take a vacation.
- Meanwhile modifies a whole sentence
Adverbs that end in -ly are formed by adding -ly to an adjective, a present participle, or a past participle.
From a Present Participle
- willing - willingly
- glowing - glowingly
- surprising - surprisingly
From a Past Participle
- assured - assuredly
- affected - affectedly
- surprised - surprisedly
From an Adjective
- careful - carefully
- beautiful - beautiful
- fitting - fittingly
- horrible - horribly
- terrible - terribly
- adorable - adorably
- happy - happily
- lucky - luckily
- economic - economically
- ironic - ironically
Adverbs can be placed anywhere in a sentence.At the front of a sentence prior to the subject.
- Suddenly the rain poured down.
- Sadly, I have had lots of phone calls.
- He seldom goes to movies.
- I hardly noticed her.
- I learn English slowly.
- I study adverbs now.
Adverbs as Intensifiers
Adverbs can be used as amplifiers, down toners, or emphasizers.Adverbs as emphasizers.
- I really like him.
- I literally wrecked my car.
- They completely abandoned the city.
- I absolutely refuse to leave.
- I somewhat like this movie.
- Peter almost quit that job.
Comparison of AdverbsLike adjectives, adverbs have three forms of comparison: positive, comparative, and superlative.
- Positive degree expresses the quality without comparison.
- Comparative degree compares two verbs, adjectives, or adverbs.
- Superlative degree compares three or more verbs, adjectives or adverbs.
Adverb ComparisonMost adverbs are compared by using another adverb.
- More or less are used to express the comparative degree.
- Most or least are used to express the superlative degree.
- I dance gracefully (or horribly).
- I dance more gracefully (or more horribly).
- I dance most gracefully ( or most horribly).
Some adverbs are compared using a suffix –er for the comparative forms and –est for the superlative forms.Examples
- I will arrive soon (or fast).
- I will arrive sooner (or faster).
- I will arrive soonest (or fastest).
There are also a number of adverbs compared irregularly. These must be remembered. Here are some of them.
Some adverbs are never compared. They express qualities unsuitable for comparison.
Here are some of them: again, almost, before, ever, never, here, there, now, then, there, thus, too, twice, very